The Planning of Emergency Seed Supply for Afghanistan in 2002 and Beyond
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Contents Findings Part I Part II Part III References Abbreviations/Glossary Appendix 1 2 3 4 5 Maps
 
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Appendix 3 - List of the Crop Cultivars Tested and Released in Afghanistan during 1994-2000

Source: FAO Afghanistan Annual Report 2000, Appendix III.

Wheat

#

Year of release

Name of cultivar

Pedigree or name

Introduced from

Area for which recommended

Salient features

1

1994

Pamir-94 *

7M-0M-8M-2M-0YE

CIMMYT/

Turkey

Adapted in all zones but its yield is Higher in cooler areas.

It is a facultative bread wheat The plant height is 97 cm, the grain color is light red and the chaff color is white. Days to maturity in cool areas such as Kabul, logar, Wardak and Ghazni is 279.While in mild winter areas it takes 189 days to mature. The response to leaf rust is 5R and to stripe rust is MR.

2

1996

Kauz

CM7458-4y-1M-3Y-1M-3Y-08-OSY

CIMMYT

Wide range of Adaptability in lower elevations

Facultative early maturity, amber grain color, white chaff color, 86cm height, resistant to rusts. In Pakistan it has been named Bakhtawar-92.

3

1996

Gul-96

2WM-OWM-OSE-1YC-OYC

Mexico

/Turkey

cold and mild winter locations

Facultative with more winter hardiness, and prostrate growth habit. The grain color is amber the chaff color is white, rusts resistant are 0-MR. It is 98 cm tall. Days to maturity is 287 .

4

1996

Takhar -96

VEE#7/ OPATA

CIMMYT

Low elevation and mild winter, good for north part

Facultative earliest maturing variety. The response to rusts is R. The grain color is between red and amber. The chaff color is white and the plant height is 99 cm.

5

1996

Roshan-96

Bloundan/3/Bb/7C*2//Y50E/Kal*3

CIMMYT

ICARDA

Wide adaptability

Facultative medium maturity, has white grain and chaff color. It has erect to semi-erect growth habit. The response to rust is 0-R and to bunt also showed resistant. The plant height is 94 cm.

6

1996

Rana-96

2AP-2AP-2AP-1AP-OAP

CIMMYT/ ICARDA

Cold and mild winter areas

Facultative bread wheat with prostrate to semi erect growth habit. The maturity in Logar and Wardak is 286 days. The response to stripe rust is (0-R)to leaf rust is MS. The plant height is 95 cm and the grain color is white.

7

1996

Ghori- 96

CM59377-3AP-1AP-3AP-2AP-1AP-0AP

CIMMYT ICARDA

Rainfed areas

(west part)

It is bread wheat, the response to stripe rust is (0-MR).It takes 175 days in Herat and 113 days in Baghlan to maturity. The grain color is amber and the protein content is 13 %.

8

1996

Diama-96

HD2206/HORK//BUC/BUL

CIMMYT

Rainfed areas (North part)

The grain color is amber. It is an early variety. The

Number of days to maturity in Herat is 175 and in Baghlan and Takhar is 113 days. It is resistant to all rusts.

9

1999

Amu-99

(Bloyka)

ICW84-0008-013AP-300L-3AP-300L-0AP

ICARDA CIMMYT

Wide adaptability

The growth habit is erect ,the chaff color is white and the grain color is amber. The maturity dates varies from place to place. In cold areas such as Ghazni it takes 267,in mild winter areas such as Takhar, Balkh and Herat it takes 204 days to mature. In warm areas such Kandahar and Nangarhar it an average of 185 days to maturity.

10

1999

Herat- 99

(MYNA/VUL//PRL)

CM97958-0M-7Y-030M-030M-84-0M.

CIMMYT

Wide adaptability but released from Herat.

The growth habit is erect and the average plant height is 96cm.The grain color is amber and the chaff color is white. The maturity dates varies from place to place. In cold areas such as Ghazni it takes 228,in mild winter areas such as Takhar, Balkh and Herat it takes 205 days to mature. In warm areas such Kandahar and Nangarhar it an average of 182 days to maturity. The response to rusts is (0-MR)

11

1999

Mazar-99

(Pastor)

CM85295-0101TOPY-2M-0Y-0M-3Y-0M

CIMMYT

Wide adaptability but released in Mazar

The grain color is amber and the chaff color is white. The plant height is 94 cm. The response to yellow rust is MR-R, while the response to leaf rust is 0-MR. The maturity dates varies from place to place. In cold areas such as Ghazni it takes more days to mature, in mild winter areas such as Takhar, Balkh and Herat it takes 206 days to mature. In warm areas such Kandahar and Nangarhar it an average of 175-187 days to maturity.

12

 

 

2000

Lalmi-1

(Fow-1)

SWM11147-1AP-2AP-1AP-1AP-0AP

CIMMYT ICARDA

Well fit for rainfed areas

It has been selected from RWYT-FA( regional bread wheat yield favorable areas.)The grain color is red and the plant height is 97cms.It takes as an average 156 days to mature. The grain size is 2M(intermediate and medium) the response to stem rust is (0) and to stripe rust is MR. The protein content is 12 %.

13

2000

Lalmi-3

(Florkwa-3)

ICW84-0074-02AP-3002-1AP-0L-0AP

CIMMYT and ICARDA

Rainfed areas

It has been selected from RWYT-SA( regional bread wheat yield semi arid areas)The grain color is amber and the plant height is 78cms.It takes as an average 153 days to mature. The grain size is small and plump and the response to stem rust is (0) and to stripe rust is R. The protein content is 12 %. and 1000 kernel weight is 38 grams.

14

2000

Lalmi-2

(Bobwhite1//Mn....)

IC88-063-1AP-0L-1AP-2AP-0TS-0AP

CIMMYT and ICARDA from Syria

Rainfed areas

It has been selected from RWYT-SA( regional bread wheat yield semi arid areas)The grain color is amber and the plant height is 83cms.It takes as an average 153 days to mature. The grain size is plump and medium in size the response to stem and stripe rust is (0 ).The protein content is 12 %.and 1000 kernel weight is 32 grams.

 

Barley

1

1998

Hewad-98

(Gloria-Bar/COMB-B//...).

CMB87-643-E11Y-1B-1M-0B-1M-0Y

IBYT CIMMYT and ICARDA

Wide adaptability

This is a four row barley. The average number of days to maturity is 146. The growth habit is semi-erect and the grain texture is medium. The plant height is 79 cms and 1000 kernel weight is 37 grams. It is resistant to rust and bunt.

2

1998

Watan-98

(LIBRAN/UNA 8271...)

CMB89A.291-2M-1Y-1M-0Y

IBYT CIMMYT and ICARDA

Wide adaptability

This is a four row barley. The average number of days to maturity is 150. The grain texture is hard and the size is short. It is taller about 5 cm than Hewad -98 and matures a few days later .1000 kernel weight is 38 grams. It is resistant to rust and bunt.



Rice

1

1998

Afghan-98

PRP1670-7613-3-2

IRRI

Rice growing areas

It is a medium grain rice. It has an average height of 82 cm and matures 5-10 days earlier than Swat-2 and one week earlier than Basmati-385.Also it is 5-10 cm shorter than Basmati-385.The 3 years and 23 locations mean yield is 6127MT.

2

1998

Baghlan-98

IR62871-166-2-2

IRRI

Rice growing areas

It is a long grain rice . Tested since 1993 in long grain rice yield trials in rice growing areas. It is about 5-10 cm shorter and 3-5 days earlier in maturity and produces 0.5 MT/ha more yield than Basmati-385.

3

1997

Swat-2

Introduced in Pakistan

Pakistan

Rice growing areas.

It is a short grain rice developed in Pakistan. It was tested in Afghanistan from 1990-1999 and produced the highest yield among the short grain rice in multi locations. It matures in 147 days almost one week earlier than the local and the plant height is 103 cm. It is resistant to lodging.

 

 

Maize *

1

1994

SHAHEEN

Cross of ‘Zia’ and very early maturing varieties ‘Nodak’and ‘Mandan’

from USA and ‘Payette’from Canada.

Pakistan

Maize growing areas.

The grain color is white. It is an early maturing variety with cold tolerance habit, therefore it is being cultivated in the high elevation zones of Pakistan and Afghanistan.

2

1994

Azam

(Pirsabak 7930xZia)x

Pirsabak 7930

Pakistan

Lower elevation maize growing areas.

White, semi-flint, mid-season variety maturing in about 90 days. It is a medium height resistant to lodging and resistant to leaf blights. It is a very good variety for irrigated plains and is moderately drought tolerant.

3

1994

Kissan 90

Pirsabak 7930x Local germplasm using a full sib family selection scheme

Pakistan

Maize growing areas.

It is a white grain short to medium duration recommended for irrigated as well as good for high rainfall areas. It short plant type with lower ear placement and can tolerate high plant densities. Matures in about 85 days. Good in low lands of Afghanistan.

4

1994

Sarhad Yellow

‘Vikram’x (‘B57’x ‘B37’)xAkbar

Pakistan

Maize growing areas

Yellow grain type variety. It takes 110-115 days to mature. The plant height ranges 230-250 cm. Ears long ,Kernels dent -flint. Also popular in the low land ,warm areas of Afghanistan.

5

1994

Sarhad White

White version of Sarhad yellow.

Pakistan

Maize growing areas

It is comparable to Sarhad yellow in yield, maturity, and adaptation but it is susceptible to leaf blights.

6

1994

Ehsan

Sarhad whitexlot 81 CIMMYT

Pakistan

Maize growing areas

It is a medium-season, white flint variety matures in 100 days. Ears of medium size, compact with 14-16 kernel rows. Even after the harvest , the plant stays green and its stalk remain sweet. It is resistant to stalk rots and leaf blight than any other varieties.

7

1994

Pahari (Ev-II)

‘Shaheen’x ‘Pirsabak 7930’

Pakistan

Maize growing areas

It is a short duration variety bred for production in the cool mountain environment. Developed in Kaghan for mid elevation zones from 1000-1800m above the sea level.

8

1994

Sunehri

 

Pakistan

Mid season areas

It is a medium season June/early July planting. Takes 110 days at low altitude and 120 days at mid altitude up to 1300 m.

9

1994

Population-31

 

Pakistan

Mid season areas

The same as Sunehri.

Note: The wheat variety Pamir-94 and Maize Varieties Data were compiled by FAO from SCA trials and recommendations were given.

 

Food Legumes

1

1999

Barakat-99

VIVA

MSU(Machigan State University) USA

Baghlan, Logar ,Wardak

The color is red or pink, and the average number of seeds per pot is 4. It is an early maturing variety and takes 90 days to mature. The plant height is 28 cm. and the growth habit is bush type.

2

1999

Salamati-99

UI 5229

MSU

Adaptable in irrigated area Introduced from Wardak.

It is a bush type kidney bean and has dark red color

The plant height is 35 cm and it has 4 seeds/pot. The number of days to maturity is 97.

3

1999

Bari-99

Aparaho

MSU

Introduced for irrigated area from Wardak.

It is a climbing and pinto type bean. The number of days to maturity is 91 days and has 4 seeds/pot. The plant height is 45cm.

4

1999

Arzo-99

CO-1760

MSU

Introduced from Wardak for irrigated rea of the country.

This is a bush type bean with white color. The number of days to maturity is 96. The number of seeds/pot is 3 and the plant height is 43 cm.

5

1999

Sehat-99

(Flip93-58C)

X90TH249 (ILC5342xFlip 84-78C) xILC 1272.

ICARDA/ICRISAT

North eastern North and North west.

This line matures in 103 days. The plant height is 55 cm and the plant type is semi-erect. The weight of 100 grain is 31 grams. The agronomy rating is very good and there is no lodging.

6

1999

Madad-99

Flip 93-53C

ICARDA/ICRISAT

North and North eastern Provinces

It needs 103 days to mature. The plant height is 41 cm and the growth habit is erect. The weight of 100 seed is 32 grams. It was distributed to the farmers of Takhar, Kunduz and Badakhshan.

 
 
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