The Planning of Emergency Seed Supply for Afghanistan in 2002 and Beyond
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Contents Findings Part I Part II Part III References Abbreviations/Glossary Appendix 1 2 3 4 5 Maps
 
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Appendix 4 - Wheat Varieties released in Afghanistan and other countries and wheat varieties released in neighboring countries of Afghanistan with high likelihood of adaptation to Afghan wheat growing regions. (information of CIMMYT-Turkey)

This file provides information on winter/facultative and spring wheat varieties for Afghanistan. The table lists mainly varieties for which seed is available since they are cultivated in other countries. For winter wheats these countries are mainly Iran and Turkey, for spring wheats the countries are India, Iran, Pakistan and Turkey. From previous observations we know that related cultivars are grown all through the region from Turkey - to Pakistan, and that includes Afghanistan and this suggests that it would be of acceptable risk to introduce seed of these cultivars in terms of adaptation, disease resistance and quality properties.

Name

CIMMYT name / cross / name in other countries

Seed available

Country released or contact Institution

Comments

Facultative and Winter Wheat Varieties adapted to Afghanistan

PAMIR94

Kinaci 97 = YMH/TOB//MCD/3/LIRA

Yes

Afghanistan Turkey

Amber soft seed; MR to yellow rust seed available from BDMIKHAM, Konya, state farms and contracted farmers

SWM12289-7M-0M-8M-1M-3WM-0WM-0AFG

GUL96

Alpu 1 = ID800994.W/VEE

very little

Afghanistan Turkey

White seed; Sister line released by ANADOLU ARI,

Eskisehir in Turkey as Alpu-01, little seed available

 

SWM15134--2WM-0WM-0SE-1YC-0YC;

 

Turkey Afghanistan

 

Atay 85

Hys/7C

Yes

Tajikistan

Hard white seed; MS to Yellow Rust; Released by ANADOLU ARI, introduced in Afghanistan in 1991 and to Tajikistan; famers liked it

RANA96

CA8055/6/PATO(R)/CAL/3/7C//BB/CNO

/5/CAL//CNO/SN64/4/CNO//NAD/CH

FAO/

ICARDA

Afghanistan / ICARDA

No info on seed availability; sowing at ICARDA

now still possible if seed available

 

ICWH840431-2AP-2AP-1AP-1AP-0AP

   

released in Afghansistan

Zarrin

HATUSHA = NAI60/HEINE VII//

BUC/3/F59.71/GHK

Yes

Iran - Myandoab

Replaced sister (Navid) of Atay85 in Iran

 

SWO791095

     

C73-5

SPN/MCD//CAMA/3/NZT

Yes

Iran —Maras

Hard white seed; Facultative and suitable for late sowing

 

SWM777627-17H-4H-1H-0H

     

Azar —2

Iranian variety from DARI, Marageh

Yes

Iran - Dari

Developed by DARI Marageh has good resistance

to drought and yellow rust, early.

Steklovidnay 24

Yes

Kazakhstan

Hard red seed; performs well in Tajikistan; farmers like quality;

not for areas where leaf rust is a problem, seed available

Zhetisu

Yes

Kazakhstan

Hard red seed; performs well in Tajikistan; farmers like quality;

not for areas where leaf rust is a problem; seed available

Jagger

Yes

Kansas US

several thousand tons imported to Tajikistan;

Hard red seed; MR to Yellow Rust;goodRust; good quality but Tajik farmers don't like tough straw

 

Spring Wheat varieties Released by SCA/FAO from CIMMYT and CIMMYT/ICARDA nurseries

Name

Cross CIMMYT names

Seed available

Country released or contact Institution

Comments

Bakhtawar 92

Kauz

Yes

Many

for irrigated areas, very wide adaptation

 

SpinGhar94

Seri//Buc/Bjy

FAO/

CIMMYT

 

Source: IBWSN 282 irrigated

 

Ariana94

Bow/Nac//Vee/3/Bjy/Coc

FAO/

CIMMYT

 

Source:IBWSN89, irrigated

Takhar-96

Vee#7/Opata

FAO/

CIMMYT

Selected by A. Gul in Mexico in 91 irrigated

Roshan 96

Bloundan/3/BB/7C*2//Y50E/Kal*3

FAO/

ICARDA

Source: RBWYT FE, irrigated

Amu 99

FAO

Irrigated

HerattHerat 99

FAO

Irrigated

Mazar 99

FAO/

CIMMYT

Irrigated

Dayma-96

HD2206/Hork//Buc/Bul

FAO/

CIMMYT

Selected by A. Gul in Mexico in 91 for rainfed areas

Ghori-96

Prl/Pew

FAO/

ICARDA

 

CM59377-3AP-1AP-3AP-2AP-1AP-0AP

     

 

 

Other cultivars well adapted to the region

Name

CIMMYT name / cross / name in other countries

Seed available

Country released or contact Institution

Comments

MH 97

Atilla selection

Yes

Pakistan

Widely grown with good drought tolerance

Chamran

Atilla selection

Yes

Iran

Widely grown with good drought tolerance

Ziyabey

Atilla selection

Yes

Turkey

Widely grown with good drought tolerance

PBW-343

Atilla selection

Yes

India

Widely grown with good drought tolerance

Pastor

Yes

Iran

Widely grown with good drought tolerance

Inquilab

WL711/Crow

Yes

Pakistan

Widely grown in Pakistan

Seyhan

Kauz selection

Yes

Turkey

Widely adapted and widely grown

Basribey

Kauz selection

Yes

Turkey

Widely adapted and widely grown

Atrak

Kauz selection

Yes

Iran

Widely adapted

Bacanora

Kauz selection

Yes

Mexico

Widely adapted

Mehdia

Kauz selection

Yes

Morocco

Widely adapted

PBW343

Kauz selection

Yes

India

Widely adapted

Bakhtawar

Kauz selection

Yes

Afghanistan

Widely adapted

 
 
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